OVID – THE METAMORPHOSES

Rp 60.000

  • Translated, and with and introduction by Horace Gregory
  • First Printing, May 1960
  • Book condition : very good

“Metamorophoses” (“Transformations”) is a narrative poem in fifteen books by the Roman poet Ovid, completed in 8 CE. It is an epic (or “mock-epic”) poem describing the creation and history of the world, incorporating many of the best known and loved stories from Greek mythology, although centring more on mortal characters than on heroes or the gods. Each story contains some sort of transformation (or metamorphosis) as the link that ties them all together. It has remained one of the most popular works of mythology, and was perhaps the classical work best known to medieval writers and strongly influenced medieval and Renaissance poetry.

Ovid begins by addressing the gods and asking them to bless his undertaking. He then begins his tale of transformations by describing how the earth, the heavens and everything else is created out of chaos, and how mankind progresses (or rather degenerates) from the Gold Age to the Silver Age to the Age of Iron (the “Ages of Man”). This is followed by an attempt by the giants to seize the heavens, at which the wrathful Jove (Jupiter, the Roman equivalent of Zeus) sends a great flood which destroys all living things except one pious couple, Deucalion and Pyrrha. This couple repopulates the earth by obeying the commands of the gods and throwing rocks behind them, which are transformed into a new, hearty breed of man.

The story is told of how Apollo’s unrequited love for Daphne results in her transformation into a laurel tree. Io, a daughter of the river god Inachus, is raped by Jove, who then transforms Io into a cow to protect her from the jealous Juno. Jove sends Mercury to kill Argus, Io’s guard, and Io is forced to flee Juno’s wrath until Jove forces Juno to pardon her.

Io and Jove’s son, Epaphus, becomes friends with a boy named Phaeton, the son of Apollo, but when Epaphus does not believe that Phaeton is really the son of Apollo, he tries to prove it by borrowing his father’s chariot of the sun, but he cannot control it and is killed. Phaeton’s sisters are so distraught, they are transformed into trees, and his friend Cycnus, who repeatedly dived into the river in an attempt to retrieve Phaeton’s body, is transformed into a swan in his grief.

Jove spots the beautiful nymph Callisto, one of Diana’s handmaids, and rapes her. When Diana discovers her handmaid’s impurity, Callisto is banished, and when she gives birth she is transformed by Juno into a bear. Finally, when her son is fifteen, he almost kills her, and Jove transforms them both into constellations, much to Juno’s annoyance.

A few shorter tales follow, about how the Raven became black due to the evils of gossip, how Ocyrhoe the prophetess is transformed into stone, and how Mercury turns a shepherd into stone for betraying a secret. Mercury then falls in love with the beautiful Herse, which results in Herse’s sister, Aglauros, being turned to stone for her envy.

Jove falls in love with the princess Europa and carries her off, disguised as a beautiful white bull. Europa’s brothers go in search of her, but cannot discover her whereabouts. One of the brothers, Cadmus, founds a new city (later to be known as Thebes), and miraculously creates a new people by sewing the ground with the teeth of a serpent or dragon he had killed.

 

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Kode Buku: CL005

Judul Buku: OVID - The Metamorphoses

Pengarang: Ovid, Horace Gregory (translator)

Penerbit: Mentor Classic

Tgl/Thn Terbit: May 1960

Jumlah Halaman: 448

Berat Buku : 0.3 kg
Dimensi :

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